5 Java Frameworks that Fulfill Development Needs

There are tons of websites or web applications live in today’s date which might have been made using certain “Java framework”. You might have even heard that these frameworks are available on different technology platforms like .NET and JAVA and are becoming quite popular these days because of the increasing demand of developing websites and web applications.

Top 5 Java Frameworks

Top 5 Java Frameworks

However, many of us do not know why we really use web frameworks? Well, here are the reasons:

  • Developing appealing and powerful web applications or websites is not at all a kid’s play for any developer. Web frameworks come with certain features and functions that enable developing smart and aesthetically rich web applications and websites

  • Ever rising need of functional as well as non-functional web applications require robust backend support. This is where web frameworks play their role.

  • Web frameworks help developers save a lot of time spent in coding, data sanitization, session handling and more.

  • Web frameworks offer well-organized application structure.

Web frameworks are not like conventional content management systems or any other platform, they’re software frameworks that support in the development of dynamic websites and web applications. When it comes to Java, there are several web frameworks available in the market and developers use them to create a variety of websites or web applications.

If you look at the popularity of Java web frameworks in the past few years, you will be surprised by seeing the stats! Of course, these Java web frameworks offer great assistance while developing websites and web applications, the problem is that the developers often find it difficult to make the right choice of the framework for their development project and often get confused as to which framework will the suit the development requirements best.

To make it simple, we thought to bring top 5 Java web frameworks that you can leverage for your next Java web application development project.

  • Grails 2.2.2: It is an open source web framework that is using the Groovy programming language and built upon the frameworks like Hibernate, Spring and GORMS. “Simplicity” is one of the major reasons why it is favorite among the developers. Quick set up and scaffolding helps developers save a lot of time and that is why many service providers offer Grails development services.

Grails 2.2.2

It allows developers to use the same code repeatedly in order to carry out different operations. Also, it simplifies the XML parsing. Another point is that, Grails has Enterprise Java Beans or EJB support which attracts developers or enterprises to use Grails.

  • Struts Apache Struts is yet another Java web framework that is an open source solution, helping developers to create amazing Java web applications. It is based on the MVC architecture and helps developers get rid of ActionForms! However, one of the bitter facts about Struts is that you have to do a lot of configuration in order to start the prototyping.


The recent version Struts 2.3.16 has brought tons of new enhancements to make this framework more powerful and to make it more compatible to create enterprise-ready Java web applications.

  • Vaadin v7.1.1: If you think about the UI in Java application, think Vaadin! Vaadin is rapidly becoming a popular Java framework for creating modern web applications that look appealing while performing well and help you make your target audience feel amazing. Vaadin aims to be the best possible tool when it comes building web user interfaces for the business applications.

Vaadin v7.1.1

Do you want to use something within the repository? All you have to do is to download the JAR, add it to your project and you are all set to use it in your code! One of the major points that make this framework unique is its drag and drop mechanism to add components in design mode. Also, have a look at the Vaadin directory, it is quite impressive!

  • GWT 2.5.0: Want to tweak JavaScript and browser’s DOM? If yes, GWT (Google Web Toolkit) is here to help you out! Google Web Toolkit is a development toolkit that can help Java developers build and optimize complicated browser-based applications. If you’re not expert in browser quirks, XMLHttpRequest and JavaScript, then it’s cool! You can still develop high performance web applications, and that’s the main capability of GWT making it unique from the rest of the other Java web framework.

GWT 2.5.0

  • Play 2.1.2: One of the most powerful and lightweight frameworks trusted by millions of developers due to its flexibility, scalability and performance. Great documentation and scaffolding are the two things that make this framework little different and more impressive. It utilizes the Java and Scala programming languages. If you are aware about Scala, then it would hardly take an hour to use this amazing framework. No need to compile the codes, just deploy them and restart, which is icing on a cake for the developers! It also saves a lot of time during the development.


Play 2.1.2

Final verdict…

All the frameworks discussed here have some unique features that differentiate them from one another. So, if you are looking for rapid application prototyping, Grails and Play are the right choice for you. On the other hand, if you want to go for a framework that is less complex then, Vaadin, GWT and Struts win the battle. However, Grails and Vaadin are great if you consider ease of use, great community support and documentation. What’s your stand on this? Share your thoughts in the comments…!

About Nitin Soni

Hi, I am Nitin Soni. I work as a Web Developer with Cygnet Infotech , an offshore software & web development company. For any query or help regarding software development & custom web application, mail me on info@cygnet-infotech.com, if possible. And, I’d love to connect with you on Twitter @MkNitin

4 Responses to 5 Java Frameworks that Fulfill Development Needs

  1. DrHelmut says:

    omg… we are in 2014 and I still see “Stuts2” as a good framework for web development…

    are you kidding us ?? -_-

    First things first. java sucks a lot in web front-end. Thats is the reason why some people created “Play” (and now Play 2.1…) : to remove the too much complexe J2EE / Servlet stack and reate something like RoR, powerfull with less code, using convention over configuration.

    Even GWT is not that good, too much code written, you have to have a lot of widget to reuse in order to be productive with this framework..

    In the end, the best choice for your front-end is certainly to use only a JS framework and a REST API to communicate with your Java server.

    with JQuery and/or AngularJS, create a powerful reactive web front-end is sooo easy compare top the same work in JAVA/JSP… don’t forget jsp is a layer over servlet .. and every layer bring complexity not always productivity ! 😉

  2. Saeed Zarinfam says:

    Play framework is the best.

  3. Costas says:

    “JQuery and or AngularJS” for which type of applications? Yes, it is true that angular gives a lot to the javascriipt front-end developer but can you imagine an ERP fron-end system written in angular?

    Well… if yes good luck!

    IMHO if you have to write a well-organized and responsive web site go with javascript. If on the other hand you have to write really big enterprise apps then go with a server-side framework.

    After evaluating many technologies, our final choice was the ZK framework (zkoss.org). It has quite the same philosophy as the vaadin framework but you are not dependent on other techs like GWT.

  4. Mohamed Manja says:

    I agree with DrHelmut. It is better to use JS framework on the front-end and use java to provide REST APIs. With a good design you can easily create big enterprise application. I was expecting to see Spring MVC too.